Karate originated on a small island between Japan and China called OKINAWA. In 1477 the King of Okinawa banned the carrying of all weapons in a bid to end civil war. With this the people of Okinawa turned to neighbouring China and combined some Chinese forms of empty-handed self-defence with their own form of martial art.
From these roots three main styles of Karate evolved:
“NAHA-TE” which is now called “GOJU-RYU”
“SHURI-TE and “TOMARE-TE” both of which now come under the name of “SHORIN-RYU”
Kanryo Higaonna was born in Naha, Okinawa on 10 March 1851. In 1866 he travelled to Foochow Southern China to study the Chinese martial arts. After a year in residence at the Okinawan settlement in Foochow he was introduced to Master Ryu Ryu Ko a renowned master of Southern Chinese arts. After following the age-old custom of service to his master he was accepted as a disciple and trained with his teacher for thirteen years before returning to Naha Okinawa where his martial arts became known as Naha-te. Kanryo taught these martial arts to the people of Okinawa.
He died on 23 December 1915 at the age of 63.
It is said that the naming of Goju-Ryu came about more by accident than design. In 1930 Chojun Miyagi’s top student, while in Tokyo was asked by numerous martial arts masters as to what school of martial arts he practiced. As Naha-te had no formal name he could not answer this question. On returning to Okinawa he reported the incident to Chojun Miyagi. After much consideration Miyagi decided on “Goju-Ryu” (hard and soft school) as the name for his style. “Go” means hard and “Ju means soft. It is a blend of Okinawan Te (hard) and Shaolin Kung Fu (soft).
Chojun Miyagi died on 8 October 1953 at the age of 65.